Choctaw County was created by the Alabama legislature on 29 December 1847. It was named for the Choctaw Indians, one of the four Indian groups that occupied what is now the State of Alabama. The county is located in the southwestern part of the state, and is bordered by Sumter, Marengo, Clarke, and Washington counties, and the State of Mississippi. It encompasses 909 square miles. Butler is the county seat. Other towns and communities include Pennington, Lisman, Toxey, Gilbertown, Silas, Needham, Cullomburg, and Bladon Springs.